How to Make Damascus Steel: An Introduction

Learning how to make Damascus steel is a thing of beauty. It is a leap of faith if you want to school yourself to this art.
Over the years, Damascus steel has been gradually gaining popularity. We are all aware that there are different steel varieties and composites that exist today. However, the charm and attractiveness of Damascus steel simply are simply incomparable.
Damascus steel itself features the combination of different mottling and bands. It can be patterned and molded in a variety of shape and length. It can also offer a decorative appeal, but its strength remains to be solid. In fact, this said steel is almost virtually indestructible.
The composition of the original Damascus steel is already unknown. There are no metallurgy records or pieces of evidence that would indicate its original build.
Meanwhile, modern Damascus steel is identified through the combination of various pure metals. You can choose any metal, depending on your needs and preferences. Today, you can see craftsmen opt iron due to its innate rigidity and strength. They blend it with other metals to create those refined steel billets. 

How to Make Damascus Steel

As early as now, it is needed to be emphasized that there is no standard way in creating Damascus steel. Seasoned metalworkers will always give you the same story.

 Perhaps, the biggest reason for this is due to the fact that we are all oblivious of the original make of the Damascus steel. People can craft Damascus steel through the process that they are most familiar and comfortable with. Fortunately, this is not an obstacle that can bother you. It is just necessary to accept that we can get to our desired destination by taking different paths and practices.

 The only advice that I can give you is to find all the necessary resources about Damascus steel. Understand its composition, build, purpose, and function. Try to learn a thing or two from every craftsman that you know. Through this, you can refine your own procedure and comprehension toward making Damascus steel..

Material of Choice

Any steel and iron can be used in the creation of patterns and designs. Even a wrought iron can be welded to the composition. If you will combine wrought iron, nickel or mild steel in a standard billet, the resulting output will not be hardened. There is also a possibility that the lower and higher carbon steel won't interact with each other. This could eventually cause the blade to become unresponsive to any heat treatment.

 If you are working with a tomahawk, things will slightly turn well for you. You can accept the soft layers of the steel because you will only need to harden and sharpen the cutting edge. In my case, I choose nickel for my bars. This particular material has excellent construction and versatility.

 There are some steels that cannot work with a billet. They are quite susceptible to tearing apart while you are subjecting them to heat treatment. The reason for this is due to the existence of different alloy elements on these materials. They don't have a balance in the contraction and expansion rate. When you expose them to intense temperatures, they will just wear out.

 I do recommend that you choose the 15N20 steel and 1084 steel. Combining these two will allow you to get everything that you need for your working piece. The 1084 steel has a dark coloration, which is a perfect contrast to the naturally 15N20 steel. On other aspects, these two steel variants have similar nuances. They are great materials for making a solid blade.

 You can also opt for chainsaw chain and wire rope if you want to create awesome patterns to the steel. The wire rope can be welded easily. However, I have noted that the chainsaw chain and wire rope are still not immune from minor flaws.


It is undeniable that high carbon steels can weld at low temperatures. Mild steels do not have this capacity, as far I know. Meanwhile, wrought iron should be processed to scalding hot temperatures before you can weld them. In the case of the latter, coal forging is a highly suggested step. However, if you want to create pattern-welded steel like the Damascus steel, you should go for propane forging.

 Propane forging ensures that you have total control over all the essential factors of forging such as temperature, time, and environment. When you have these things under your watch, you can forge the steel smoothly.

 The next thing that you have to know is the estimated completion time of your forging. How will you know if the Damascus steel is already done? Well, you can't tell if things are ready if you can't see your project. Therefore, it is also necessary that you can wear certain eye gears for visibility and protection. A generic welding lens can work fine.

You need to have a lot of experience so that you can determine the properties of different steels. You have to understand that the lighting condition in your workshop can affect the color that you see in the metal. In my case, I always observe the reaction of flux and appearance of the billet. If the flux is already violet and the billet's color become similar to the forge, I still wait a few minutes before I put pressure. In this way, the heat level of the billet can increase properly.

Take note that any piece will not weld correctly if the temperature is low. However, you should also know that soaking the steel at high temperatures for a long time is not good either. Thermal cycling and specialized deformations can fix the damages caused by overheating. But at the end of the day, steel with bad welds are not usable anymore.


Making a Damascus steel requires practice and experience. The things and steps that I elucidated here are just the fundamentals. You have to go and research deeper so that you can have a good grasp of the process. You just have to take this guide as a starting point so that you won't get lost in the course. Don't get frustrated if your first attempts are failures. After all, nobody was ever born to become an immediate expert of making Damascus steel. It is an art that requires dedication, time, and patience.

 If you have some questions and other things that you want to get clarified, feel free to drop them in the comment section below!

10 Tips for Camping with Your Motorcycle

It’s almost Summer.

Almost time for the sun to shine and the warmth to come once again. It also means that camping season is at its height, including for the bikers out there among you.

If you’re a first-timer, or a seasoned camping biker, this one’s for you: we’ve got all the top tips for camping with your motorcycle that you could ever need.

So, sit back, read on and take note of this full-fat guide to camping on two wheels.

1. Pick a decent site

Everyone always puts scenery at the top of their list when it comes to finding a campsite. And why shouldn’t they? After all, you don’t want to be in an ugly middle of nowhere. However, it’s unwise to ignore other features of a campsite, especially if you’re with the motorcycle.

We recommend picking a campsite on higher ground with few rocks and no high grass. That’s the key to getting a strong view, comfortable shut-eye and insect avoidance combination. So take it on board.

2. Those non-motorcycle camping essentials are still essential 

Just because you’re taking the motorcycle doesn’t mean you need less of the camping essential as usual. Yes, packing light is a great choice, but you can’t forget the important stuff.

Make sure to add a pen knife, torch, waterproofs and a first aid kit (with an emergency blanket included) on your packing list. You won’t regret it.

3. Remember your cooking equipment

Depending on your type of camping trip, the cooking equipment you need will vary. We recommend heading to your nearest (and most reasonably priced) outdoors store and raiding their cooking equipment section.

Pots and pans do come in handy, but be clever about what you’re going to cook and see if you can cut out the need for such equipment altogether. Plates, bowls and cups can be bought, alongside cutlery which takes up no room at all in your bag.

4. Do pack a tent

Some motorcyclists don’t bother packing a tent when camping, and are happy to simply use some sheets or tarpaulin to cover them while on the move. But it’s entirely possible to take a tent with you when camping with your motorcycle – and advisable too.

You have extra security and protection from the elements by packing a tent. They come in all different styles and sizes, so you don’t need to panic about packing it all on the bike too much. In fact, you can even buy tents which are built with vestibules where you can tuck your motorcycle in nicely.

5. Stay protected against pesky insects

No matter what campsite you choose, there’s always a risk of being nibbled at by annoying insects when camping with your motorcycle. Pack some repellent, especially in warmer climates. We’d recommend DEET – a fantastic repellent which works wonders with those pesky winged creatures.

6. Solar chargers will definitely be your new favourite gadget

Especially handy if you’re on the move a lot when camping with the bike are solar chargers. As long as you’ve got the sunshine, you’ve got the juice –and it’s really a beautiful gift.

Pack a solar charger to boost the GPS of yours so that you’re not relying on reading a map. You’ll be able to have a stress-free journey to your next destination and can also take some pictures on that fully charged phone of yours.

7. Strategic packing works – so do it

It would be a lie to say you don’t have to think about your packing a great deal when camping with your motorcycle. You’ll need to organise efficiently and securely, seeing as you can’t control the weather and have a lot of stuff to put on one bike.

Pack some dry bags to ensure your valuables and motorcycle clothes are protected from any sudden storms (yes, even in the summer) and to also compartmentalise your items. If you do this, you’re organised and can save space, especially with multiple dry bags which you can slot together in a large bag.

8. Saddlebags are a necessity

One item you will definitely need when camping with your motorbike is a saddlebag. They are your new best friend, especially the throw-over ones.

Pack some of your heavy items on either side to balance the weight out, and also for extra places to store things. If you use saddlebags, you’ve got proportion on the bike and also a sensible option for camping with your motorcycle as you won’t look like a complete idiot with far too much stuff attached on the bike.

9. Pack the bike with care and thought

The best packing hack we’ve got is to put the heavy items at the lowest point possible on the motorcycle. Place them in front of the rear axle for maximum sensibility. The lighter packing should be placed higher and closer to the rear of the motorcycle in order to ensure the centre of gravity is as normal as possible with camping gear attached to it.

10. A test drive and then you’re good to go

Finally, we recommend packing your bike before you head off and go on a test drive. This way, you’re able to see what’s working and what’s not. After that, you’re good to go. Happy camping!

What Are The Best Lures For Saltwater Fishing?

You’re standing on the beach, seaspray and wind in your face, holding the rod and looking hopefully into the water— but the fish aren’t biting! As awful as it is to be out of luck, there are always solutions.

I will help you understand the basics of fishing lures and how to pick one. After reading, you will be able to decide what the best saltwater fishing lures are. Read on and up your game!

1. Know your saltwater fishing lure types

At first sight, the different types of lures for saltwater fishing seem so varied they might overwhelm you. Worry not, I’ve got your back!

Fishing lures are artificial baits: they work by making the fish believe they are its real food. The lure is attached to the rod and line, and usually includes a hook to trap the fish when it bites.

There are many kinds of lures, varying in appearance and function. Some of the best saltwater fishing lures are:

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    Spoon fishing lures: As you can guess from their name, these lures look somewhat like a metallic spoon. They’re designed to move and shimmer like a swimming fish. Their size and shape depend on whether they’re meant for casting (heavier, so they can be thrown) or trolling (generally lighter).
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    Surface lures, such as poppers: These lures glide across the surface of the water, splashing and making “pop” noises to attract predator fish.
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    Plug lures: Similar to poppers, but “swimming” underwater instead of gliding on the surface. The movement of the lure is what draws the catch in.
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    Jigging lures: These items consist of a weighted hook and a trailing section that looks— to the fish— like something edible (think worms, insects, squids, etc.). They come in very different materials and looks, which are meant for separate uses: heavy rubber for bottom fishing, metal for fast casting and retrieving, etc.
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    Bucktail jigs: These jigs are so successful they deserve special mention. They have a skirt of varying length, which can be made of hair, plastic, feather, or rubber. They work because the movement of the skirt in the water imitates bait fish.
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    Soft plastic lures: Also called plastic swimmers, they are soft, colorful and resemble prey animals. They are practical and easy to cast out.
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    Spinnerbaits: This kind of lure is a bent wire with a hook and a spinning reel section. Spinnerbait lures are unique in that they appeal to fish because of their movement and sound, instead of looking like bait.

2. Consider where you’re fishing

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    The best saltwater lures for surf fishing: Surf fishing is, essentially, standing on the beach or low water and casting the line into the surf. The best lures for surf fishing are poppers (use at twilight by splashing across the surface), casting spoons (as they are heavy, they can be easily thrown into the coming waves), and plastic swimmers (surf fish are especially attracted to anything that looks like food).
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    The best saltwater lures for pier fishing: Fishing— casting or jigging with a vertical motion— from a pier, bridge or other raised structure works best with either rubber or metal jigs. Rubber jigs can be dropped to the bottom and jerked up and down to attract fish, while metal jigs are good for bouncing and retrieving quickly in a vertical motion
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    The best lures for inshore saltwater fishing: This type of fishing— wading or sailing in a small boat along shallow waters— favors bucktail jigs, as they resemble bait fish that live in this area when they’re submerged and moving. Spinnerbaits are also successful: in water that may be murky because of sand or soil, their movement and sound make them a good option.
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    The best saltwater trolling lures: When trolling, you don’t just need a great motor: you also need the right lure to trail behind your moving boat. Plugs, because of their slow underwater swimming, will successfully imitate attractive bait. Trolling spoons are also good: their shape, weight, and shine will make them alluring when trailed.

3. Think of what you’re trying to catch

Different types of lures will attract different fish. Think of the favorite food of your chosen catch. It’s well known, for example, that bass fish love bucktail jigs, and that crevalle jack will go crazy for a popper!

4. Think (and see!) like a fish

The appeal of the lure to the fish is in how closely it resembles what the fish would normally want to eat.

You might be wondering, then, what the perfect fishing lure color is. It’s a good question, as most fish are able to see colors, with day-feeding species being best at it.

So, if you’re fishing at twilight or nighttime, you can’t go wrong with shiny or fluorescent lures. But, if it’s daytime, the perfect lure colors are light, such as chartreuse, white and gold.

5. Understand weather and water conditions

Besides light quality (whether it’s daytime, twilight, or night), there are other factors that can affect your lure choices. The quality of the water— whether it’s murky or clear— makes a big difference in the fish’s ability to see what you’re throwing at them.

If the water’s murky, you’ll want to use solid, darker lures in neutral-looking colors. On the other hand, if it’s clear, you’ll fare better with lures that look like the real thing: think plastic swimmers or painted metal jigs.

Finally, consider the season: there’ll be different species in the same area, as the seasons change. And different species often mean different lures!

6. Don’t worry too much!

If you fish regularly (or even sporadically!), chances are, you enjoy the activity. Part of this is probably because it can be quite relaxing— meditative, even.

However, if you start fretting too much about what lure to use to maximize your odds of catching fish, you’ll likely stop enjoying it. The best thing you can do is learn what the best types of lures are, consider your fishing location, your desired quarry and its proclivities, and your environment.

If you go through these steps and make sure you are stocked with the best saltwater fishing lures, your experience will most likely be fun. So, brush up on that knowledge, and good catch!

10 Of The Best Snacks To Keep You Going On A Camping Trip

Looking for snack ideas for a camping trip? Look no more! Below is a list of 10 of the best snacks to bring on a camping trip. They’re great whether you’re going solo or going with a group. Not only are they easy, but they’ll give you what you need to keep going and to keep things fun at camp!

#1 Granola Bars

Granola bars are an essential, especially if your camping trip involves high levels of activity like hiking or biking. It’s loaded with carbs, which is essential in giving you energy. There’s a lot of options out there, but if you want, you can make your own. 

Making your own granola is quite simple. You can find tons of recipes online. I personally love that I can customize it. You can add chocolate, dried fruit, nuts, or seeds - whatever you like! I love adding chia seeds, dried blueberries, and dessicated coconut in my granola bars.

#2 Chips and Dip

Chips are a great snack for camping. You can have them while lounging around or while telling stories around the campfire. They’re great for groups too! The downside is that they’re not so good if you’re backpacking or hiking.

If you have the luxury of bringing chips, make sure to match it with dip as well. You can buy ready-made, or if you’re like me, make you own dip! I usually like cheese dips or guacamole. You can even make your own nachos in camp! You just need tortilla chips and the best cheese for nachos. Again, you can personalize it as much as you want to!

#3 Beef Jerky

Beef jerky on a wooden board close-up

Beef jerky is another camping staple. They're especially great if you're backpacking, biking, paddling, or hiking because it's extremely compact and lightweight. More importantly, it’s gives a great balance of fat, protein, and carbs.

Like granola bars, you can find a lot of brands of beef jerky in stores. However, you can also make it yourself. It’s a lot easier than you think. It’ll also be cheaper too! Check this recipe out!

#4 Campfire Popcorn

Make your campfire conversations or stories more fun with some popcorn! Nowadays, you can find popcorn specifically packed for campfires. If not, you can do it yourself with a pot or disposable pie pan and foil. Click here to make your own campfire popcorn.

#5 Fresh Fruit

You can’t go wrong with fresh fruits! They’re healthy and tasty, and you can do fun things with them too. For instance, you can have fruit kebabs or fruit salad. You could also dip them in chocolate or cover them in peanut butter. If you have kids, that will certainly get them more interested. And let’s be honest, it’ll get us grown ups want to eat fruits too!

#6 Crudites and dip

It’s really not that difficult to eat healthy when you go camping. Crudites are easy to prepare - simply cut up the vegetables into the size you want. Pack them in zip locks or food containers and keep them in a cooler. Another great thing is that you can bring whatever dip you like - a sour cream dip, hummus, salsa, etc.

#7 Dehydrated Fruit

Dried fruit

In some cases, fresh fruit might not be practical to bring. In that case, bring some dehydrated fruit with you. If you’re looking for something sweet on your taste buds, this should do the trick. They’re also rich in nutrients, which is why they make a great hiking or backpacking snack.

If you buy commercially dried fruit, keep in mind that some may contain sugar additives, food coloring, preservatives, and other artificial stuff. Try to go for organic dried fruit if you want to keep things natural and healthy.

#8 Camping Cookies

Hot Coffee cups and cookies on wooden desk, near campfire. Morning light.

Cookies are a great snack for anything! Again, you can get them commercially or you can make your own. Either way, they’re easy to bring to camp and they’re great snacks! For me, I prefer to make my own cookies. My staple camping cookies would have to be oatmeal chocolate chip cookies. They’re great energizers for after a long activity and you can’t really go wrong with a classic!

If you want something new, try replacing the chocolate chips with some dried berries. You can add in some nuts and seeds too, if you like. If not cookies, you can even make energy balls. Many recipes don’t need baking, so that’s even much easier!

#9 Roasted Nuts

There’s not much to say about nuts. They’re a great snack but more importantly, they’re rich in protein. After a long day of activities at camp, munching on some nuts like almonds will give you the boost of protein that you need.

To make your nuts more exciting, add some flavor by adding cinnamon, vegetable oil, and agave nectar. Roast it for about 7 minutes at around 350 degrees, then add salt and pepper to taste. You can try other flavors too!

#10 S’mores

Smores Ingredients at a Beach Bonfire with Chocolate, Marshmellow, and Graham Crackers with Room for Copy

You didn’t think this list would end without s’mores, did you? They’re a must at camp! Kids and grown-ups alike enjoy this good ol’ camping classic. Pack some graham crackers, marshmallows, and chocolate. You know the drill!

There you have it

There you have it -  10 of the best snacks to keep you going on a camping trip! It’s hard to go wrong with these yummy treats! They’re delicious, convenient, easy to pack and they will give you the boost you need after some fun activities.

What are your favorite camping snacks? We’d love to hear about it! Share them using the comment section below!

Why Choose Trolling Motor Battery while Going for Fishing

You might have taken a good number of fishing trips in the last few weeks, and now you find that your trolling motor is failing to deliver quality service. So, it is crystal clear that there is something wrong with the motor and it’s high time it should be detected. In such a situation, a wise angler would be initially keen to find out the battery status of the trolling motor. Now, this is the most crucial thing that should be ensured prior to taking guesses as to what had actually happened with the motor.

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9 Best Family-Friendly Destinations In Asia

Asia, the largest continent on the planet is also a home to a number of beautiful tourist destinations where you can have a good time not only with your loving friends, but your sweet family as well. From unique amusement parks to some of the most beautiful natural sites – this place has a lot to offer.

Following are considered as the top nine family-friendly destinations in Asia:

1. Hong Kong

You can visit this metropolitan city with your family to have a beautiful time as this city has a number of leisure spots for your family. The Disneyland as well as the sea-themed Ocean Park is considered to be the most loved destinations of this city. However, there are many other beautiful spots that you must not fail to visit.

2. Tokyo

Tokyo is full of activities and your family is surely going to have a good time in this city. This city is also known as one of the finest cities of Asia. Visit the Hello Kitty theme park with your toddlers to give them a good time. You can also pay a visit to the beautiful National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation to learn a lot of things about science.

3. Ko Lanta, Thailand

If you are looking forward for a holiday that is relaxed and low-key then visit Ko Lanta situated in Thailand to fulfill all your relaxation needs. This place is located in the west coast of the country. There are beautiful resorts, pristine beaches as well as the waters of the tranquil Andaman Sea too.

4. Kanchanaburi, Thailand

This place is located closely to Bangkok and is mainly known for its seven national parks, majestic rivers, cavernous caves, waterfalls, lakes as well as temples. You can easily get into this city from Bangkok and can spend a beautiful time by exploring the beautiful places along with your family.

5. Ko Tonsay, Cambodia

Ko Tonsay is a beautiful place of Cambodia where you can spend a cheerful time with your family. What makes this place a good destination for a family trip is its remote and undeveloped atmosphere. Also known as the Rabbit Island, this place serves as the best spot if you wish to connect with the nature.

6. Bali, Indonesia

This place is a tropical paradise destination for your family where you can enjoy a number of family-friendly activities. If your family adore animals, you can indulge into the activity of riding elephant at the Bali Elephant Park. You can also feed monkeys, swim with the dolphins and enjoy a number of other fun loving activities along with your family.

7. Ha Long Bay, Vietnam

The Ha Long Bay situated in Vietnam is a place where you can escape with your family for a beautiful holiday. Take help of to organize the tours especially for Ha Long Bay. This place is made up of 1,600 islands as well as limestone karst landforms in the Gulf of Tonkin. You can tour the beautiful islands for a wonderful experience. You can relax your hearts out at this beautiful destination. Don’t forget to explore the outdoors too.

8. Luang Prabang, Laos

One of the most popular destinations of Laos is Luang Prabang which is worth a visit with your family. This place is full of local villages, beautiful Buddhist temples, amazing caves as well as the blue lagoons. This place is a blend of culture as well as nature. This town has also been declared as the UNESCO World Heritage Site and thus your visit to this beautiful town is a must.

9. Singapore

Singapore is one of the best destinations for family vacations in Asia. Despite of being expensive in nature, this city is a perfect getaway for families as it has a lot to offer to them, especially to the children. This multicultural city is a perfect example of cleanliness as well as organized culture. Visit the Singapore Zoo as well as nearby Night Safari. Visit the beautiful Sentosa Island which is known as the favorite playground of Asia and enjoy with your family.
Now that you know the best countries to visit in Asia, it’s time to pack your bags and indulge in a beautiful getaway with your family.

Trekking to Machu Picchu: Inca and Alternative Routes

Towering above the Peruvian Andes since the 1450s, Machu Picchu is one of the most iconic ancient ruins in the world. Yet, its true purpose remains a mystery to the modern world. Trekking to Machu Picchu can be more than just following a trail depending on which route you take – to choose one, that’s the real challenge!

Inca Trail

The Inca Trail is the only route that takes you directly to the ancient royal Inca ruin. It more than likely is the route the Inca people would have taken as you climb directly from the Sacred Valley. In terms of culture, this trail is rich in it – even if it is the most popular with tourists.

Definitely the best route for photographs if nothing else, the Inca Trail usually lasts four days and three nights, but don’t let that give you an impression of ease. While there’s demand for 500 people per day to take part, it’s by no means easy. The starting altitude of 3,400 metres means you’ll need to train hard to beat that altitude sickness and physical pressure.

It’s not impossible, but you can’t just roll of the sofa and participate.

Salkantay Trek

If the Inca Trail just isn’t for you, it is best to look at other ways of conquering Machu Picchu. The Salkantay Trek allows you to witness the tall, snowy beauty of Nevada Salkantay – a 6,721 metre Andean peak that does take your breath away.

This trek is certainly more of an adventure than the Inca Trail, simply due to the different eco-systems you pass through. There’s a bit of the jungle and high-altitude zones with a bunch of others in between, making it a trek for those who want to push themselves.

Due to the many different terrains you’ll experience on the Salkantay Trek, it is one you will need to be prepared for. The climates of the jungle and even just the high altitude are a shock to the human system and so the level of difficulty for the Salkantay Trek is reasonably high.

Lares Trek

The Lares Trek is the one the culture-lovers among you have been waiting for. On this trek, you are passing through Andean communities where you’ll meet and interact with farmers and weavers making colourful traditional clothing. They are really wonderful people and meeting them is an honour not many people can say they have had.

In terms of difficulty, the Lares Trek is not as difficult as the Salkantay Trek or the Inca Trail, but it is still one you need to prepare for. The high altitude levels still hit you as you still summit at Machu Picchu, so the training needs to be put in.

Inca Jungle Trail

Don’t mistake this as the same as the Inca Trail – it isn’t. The Inca Jungle Trail is a variation of Machu Picchu’s most popular and scores a solid 10/10 for adventure.

A 60km downhill mountain biking experience mixed in with river rafting on Grade III and IV rapids as well as a challenging and enlightening jungle trek with a zip-line to top it all off is something that surely gets everyone excited. It is a masterpiece of adventure and fun, perfect for backpackers who are on a time limit too as this trail is short.

Although it seems like a hoot, you’re still going to have to be prepared. The Inca Jungle Trail is easier than the Inca Trail as there are fewer steps, but, once again, that altitude will get you if you aren’t careful.

Choquequiaro Trek

One of the most challenging treks in Cusco is the Choquequiaro Trek, mostly because it is the longest one. For adventure, it is perfect and it’s also pretty good for culture as you experience both the Inca sites of Choquequiaro and Machu Picchu.

With an altitude of 3,050 metres, this trek is hard work, but rewarding. The sight of two ancient Inca ruins is a privilege and the Choquequiaro Trek has become a hot site for archaeological nerds, as well as the seriously adventurous.

Happy trekking!

About Mila Whitman

After Cambridge University, Mila has begun travelling the world and publishing her scribbles on major travel sites. Thanks to her all-consuming passion for adventure travel she is an editor and author at Travel Belles, Everest Base Camp Trek, Machu Picchu Trek, Climb Kilimanjaro Guide, Ladies Trekking Club and Mountain IQ.

All you need to know about South Carlsbad State Beach Campground

For someone who loves to camp, to surf, and like anything with the beach, I think the South Carlsbad State Beach Campground is perfect. The city of Carlsbad is known as "The Village by the Sea." Because of its pretty incredible beaches, it does attract many tourists. The South Carlsbad State Beach Campground, in particular, is one of the most popular campgrounds in the area, especially during summer.

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How to Catch a Walleye ?

The North American walleye is a popular gamefish across the northern U.S. and Canada, characterized by large, silvery eyes. Sometimes called a pickerel, it's more closely related to pike/perch species than true pickerels. It provides tasty eating, and with adult weights at 20 pounds and more, it's a great sport fish year-round.

Here are some tips for catching walleye.


Walleye spawning takes place in late winter through early spring. This is triggered as soon as water temperatures rise above 40 degrees Fahrenheit, and the walleye start moving from the lakes up tributary streams. Curiously, not all walleye will spawn, and some may go upstream just a few hundred yards. If you can find the streams the spawners use, you can target them with jigs like marabou or bucktail. Use bright but natural colors such as white or pink, and jigs that provide a little visual action. Add a plastic tail, or attach a night crawler, minnow, or strip of pork rind. Jig weights should be about 1/4 ounce, though you might go heavier where the current is stronger. Just cast out the jig upstream, let it sink near the bottom, and reel it slowly in with the occasional twitch of the pole as it floats by.

Stillwater Fishing

You can also target the spawners at the mouth of these streams where the lake water is still. In these cases, a live, medium-sized minnow is best, around 3-4 inches in length but not much larger. Hook it through the lips on a 1-4 size hook and attach a couple of split-shot sinkers around a foot up the line. Cast out into the flow of the stream and let it drift into the lake. If you feel your bait is still on the bottom, retrieve it with a little jerk of your pole and tighten the line. Don't expect a hard strike; a walleye is more likely to simply snatch up the minnow and then stop. You'll feel a hooked fish as more of a dead weight. When you take up the tension and start reeling it in, it'll start fighting.


Crankbaits with a slow, steady retrieve work well in all waters, but the fish can be notoriously finicky. Even in the same spot, they'll sometimes go for certain crankbaits and not others. If fish follow your lure but don't take it, or don't pay any attention at all, it's time to try the next one. Keep a fairly good selection in your tackle box so you can experiment until you find the right one. Use crankbait lures that provide some subtle action, like Husky Jerks, Rattlin' Rogues, and Shad-R. You also try varying the speed of your retrieves, such as a slightly faster crank, or pausing now and then to let the lure settle before reeling in again.

Fishing Shallows

Especially in the spring while waters are still cool, you can find smaller but still perfectly satisfying fish in the shallows near shore, especially in back-water bays and pockets. It's not unusual for six or seven pound fish to be taken in just a few feet of water. Look for obstructions like fallen trees, undercut banks, rock piles and formations, heavy weed growth on the lake or river bed, or even man-made structures like docks or culverts. Small fish like hiding spots, and bigger fish hunt the little ones.

Going After Heavyweights

The summer and fall are the best times to go full out and target the biggest fish. A small boat with a trolling motor, trolling motor battery  and fish finder aboard will help you discover the best spots and identify the biggest fish. Use your fishfinder to follow underwater contours looking for deep pockets. Submerged trees, underwater islands, rock ledges, reefs, and sudden drop-offs are where the big walleyes tend to linger. Unfortunately, trolling may not be allowed on all lakes. But where it is, over the course of several visits you can map out the bottoms of even large lakes with your fish finder sonar so you know just where to start looking on your future trips. Add a fairly heavy sinker and drop your live bait straight down into these productive fishing holes. If you choose to use a jig or plug, keep it moving in a moderate S-pattern along the deep edges of these bottom contours.

Side Planers

This is essentially a float that deploys your trolling lines at various angles. You'd be surprised at how many experienced fishermen have never even tried one. It extends the amount of line you can let out with minimal loss of control from drift and sinking. When fishing from a boat, walleyes can get skittish around the boat sounds or even the shape and shadow on the surface. A side-planer board can carry your crankbait or jig up to 150 feet away to avoid spooking the fish. Use of plane boards will depend on your fishing conditions, but if you rely on trolling, having one of these handy could make a huge difference. When you discover a great fishing hole but the walleye seem disturbed at your presence, just back off and deploy your planer board so you can get your jig to the spot from further away.


In the hot weather of summer to early fall, downriggers are another great way to get at the walleye lingering in the deeper, cooler spots. A downrigger is a weighted cable attached to your fishing line that ensure you bait or lure runs at exactly the depth you want it to. Especially if you use a depth-finder on your sonar, you'll know how deep you should set your downrigger to. If the fish seem intimidated by the downrigger cannonball, or forward weight, you can move it farther away from the bait to reduce their skittishness. If you're lucky enough to hook a big walleye, you'll get a great fight and possibly some nice filets that many people compare to flounder as a delicacy. That's why walleye are a favorite target of Northern anglers.

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